📝 Effects of Simultaneously Performed Dual-Task Training with Aerobic Exercise and Working Memory Training on Cognitive Functions and Neural Systems in the Elderly📝
Several years in the making, and our paper on the effects of simultaneously performed dual-task training with aerobic exercise and working memory training on cognitive functions and neural systems in the elderly is finally out! Thanks Hikaru and Daniele for pushing this through!
Takeuchi, H., Magistro, D., Kotozaki, Y., Motoki, K., Nejad, K. K., Nouchi, R., Jeong, H., Sato, C., Sessa, S., Nagatomi, R., Zecca, M., Takanishi, A., & Kawashima, R. (2020). Effects of Simultaneously Performed Dual-Task Training with Aerobic Exercise and Working Memory Training on Cognitive Functions and Neural Systems in the Elderly. Neural Plasticity, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/3859824
In our study, we wanted to investigate the effects of different types of training on cognitive functions and neural systems in older adults. Specifically, we examined the effects of simultaneous dual-task training that combines balance exercise and cognitive training, in comparison to working memory training (WMT) and aerobic exercise training (AET) separately. Our participants, all older adults, were randomly assigned to one of the three training programs and underwent a 3-month training period. To assess the effects of the training, we performed cognitive tests and used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques such as diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and functional MRI during a working memory task.
Our results showed that the simultaneous dual-task training that incorporated both AET and WMT (SDAEWMT) was effective in improving executive function and inducing beneficial neural changes, such as changes in the dopaminergic system and increased brain activity during the working memory task. However, we found no evidence of broader transfer effects or enhanced learning with WMT alone. These findings suggest that SDAEWMT may be a promising approach for enhancing cognitive functions and inducing beneficial neural changes in older adults.